Interview Preparation & WAT Topics

In this blog we share sample topics and practice topics to prepare for the WAT and interviews 2022 - 23:

1. Sample topic for WAT Preparation 2022

Do the recent heat waves globally signal that climate change is happening faster than expected?

As a general rule, the answer is not yes. Although climate models have improved greatly since the 1970s, the growth in greenhouse gas levels and average world temperatures has remained within the margin of error of predictions.

Many are perplexed by the lightning-fast transition from theoretical risk to an era of collapsing temperature records, megadroughts, and ubiquitous fires. Is the pace of climate change outpacing predictions.

Even though they aren't designed to predict localised temperature extremes, the computer models used to simulate the Earth's response to increasing atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations aren't too far off the mark. Yet the recent accumulation of extremely hot heat waves has led some scientists to question whether models are underestimating the frequency and intensity of such events, whether some factors are playing more significant roles than represented in certain models, and what this may mean for our future climate conditions in the coming decades.

2. Sample topic for WAT Preparation 2022

No coal-power plant in India by 2050 is possible, only if it can put its renewables plan in place. Do you agree?

Especially in the coal-based power sector, the country is experiencing a glut in power-generation capacity due to underutilised or idle units. The government has set an ambitious goal for renewable energy, and foreign investors are willing to finance only green projects. Does this mean that no further coal-based generation capacity will be added?

Electricity producers privately think the government should issue a guideline prohibiting the construction of new coal-based capacity, similar to the one issued for gas plants. Companies have told the government that they won't start developing new coal plants until thermal power plant capacity utilisation reaches 70%.

Up until recently (within the last decade or so), a power and energy minister's performance was gauged by the amount of capacity created (mostly through the use of coal). India’s fixation with electricity-generation capacity was recognised as a big commercial opportunity for businesses who established beeline to construct up projects. As a result, the country presently has an oversupply in terms of electricity-generation installed capacity with projects either being underutilised or kept inactive.

3. Sample topic for WAT Preparation 2022

Do we need more of breakthrough climate technologies in the next decade ?

Clean technology like silicon solar panels and lithium-ion batteries required decades to build up to the point where they might considerably reduce world emissions. If we want to keep global warming within 1.5 degrees Celsius over preindustrial levels, we will need to speed up those deadlines significantly. Many technologies now in development either haven't been adequately evaluated at scale or are too expensive to bring to market.

This shift will be fueled by the adoption of clean energy technology in the electric power, transportation, industrial, and construction sectors, which account for three-quarters of global greenhouse-gas emissions due to the use of fossil fuels. Technology to reduce agricultural and deforestation emissions, as well as methods to capture and store atmospheric carbon dioxide, will also be required. However, most of these solutions come with what Bill Gates calls a hefty "green premium," or the price difference between a clean choice and a carbon-intensive one. So, the adoption of renewable energy technology is not always cost-neutral.

4. Sample topic for WAT Preparation 2022

Can we justify delay in coal plant closures in blow to climate action?

Indicative points that can be covered:

  1. A move to delay coal plant closures would keep fossil fuel capacity higher for years but would potentially stall efforts to hit climate goals.

  2. Plans were drawn up in 2020 that proposed shuttering about 25 gigawatts by the end of the decade.

  3. Nation grapples with surging electricity demand and a global energy shortage. Why not, therefore, to consider a proposal to shutter less than 5 gigawatts of existing capacity by the end of the decade.

  4. India currently has about 204 gigawatts of coal power capacity and the plans under discussion would see that total expand to more than 250 gigawatts over the next decade.

  5. Every investment in new coal infrastructure will load the power system with redundant capacities and hinder investments in clean power projects.

5. Sample topic for WAT Preparation 2022

How could an ageing workforce become India Inc's failing prospects?

Indicative points that can be covered:

  1. Youngsters are delaying joining the labour market because of inadequacy of available jobs and they prefer opting for higher studies.

  2. This is also indicated in the estimated representation of India’s workforce, by the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy, tabled below.

Year Age group 40-50yrs Age group 15-20yrs Share of Graduates/Post Graduates

2016-17 42% 17% 12.9%

2021-22 57% 13% 12.2%

3. More than half of the workforce comprises of middle-aged group during the stalemated period of the Pandemic.

4. India needs to leap forward to the growth rates, which it aspires. But an ageing working population cannot, perhaps, reap the demographic dividends it was supposed to deliver.

5. Chances of reaping a demographic dividend further fades away, as the composition of the labour force and of the employed population is getting increasingly older and less educated.

More Practice WAT Topics 2022:

  1. PM Modi announced that India had been successful in blending 10% sugarcane extracted ethanol in petrol. What does this mean for the mission of India to be Atmanirbhar in the Energy sector?

  2. Is GDP a poor indicator of human well being?

  3. Establishing ecological sustainability while securing livelihood for a billion people. How realisable is this target for India?

  4. Climate is a reality now. What are some considerations that India needs to factor in to address it for future development?

  5. Investing in "Research" in industry, science & technology, academia and human resource is imperative for India to become self reliant. Comment.

  6. Steps you would recommend for India to reverse the economic slowdown.

Get in touch for Interview Preparation with an expert from GOALisB.

Practice Topic for WAT Executive MBA from IIM 2021-22

How can the Target Olympic Podium Scheme be implemented efficiently in India?

Launched in September 2014, TOPS is an initiative by the Government of India to boost the focus towards winning medals in the Olympics by Indian players.

Under the TOPS top sportspersons are identified by a TOPS Elite Athletes’ Identification Committee and a Mission Olympic Cell. They are provided access to training by world- class coaches and facilities, equipment, sports psychologists, mental trainers and physiotherapists.

A monthly incentive of ₹50,000 is provided to sportspersons under the categories like table tennis, tennis, weightlifting, wrestling, hockey, archery, athletics, badminton, boxing, shooting and para-sports.

Indian sports suffered from many problems like all sports except cricket, have been neglected and lack proper training facilities for the players. To top it sportspersons lacked facilities for sponsorship.

However, there are still some problems - some players like Ms. Aditi Ashoka realised that she qualified for the Olympic Games only 60 days before the scheduled date and could never avail the benefits of the scheme.

Apart from more autonomy to the decision makers at TOPS, it has been suggest that there could be newer games and disciplines which could be added to the list from a medal winning perspective. India spends 0.01 % of its GDP on sports. Can it be increased? TOPS is doing good work, but can it be extended to identifying sports talent in the nascent stage.

Practice Topic for WAT Executive MBA from IIM 2021-22

Use of coal and biomass must be stopped to control air pollution. Agree or disagree?

Highest air pollution in India happens because of burning of coal and lignite (1045 million tonnes yer year - 2019-20) followed by biomass like LPG, wood for cooking (500 million tonnes yer year 2019-20). These by far have the highest polluting potential.

Next, petroleum product contributed 240 million tonnes per year in 2019-20 followed by agricultural residues amounting to 100 million tonnes per year (2019-20).

The air quality of different cities is deteriorating with every passing day. PM 2.5 levels (particulate matter) has increased three fold over the last decade especially in cities like Delhi.

Therefore, to reduce air pollution the use of coal, biomass, landfills has to be reduced not only petroleum products.

Power production should be shifted to renewable resources. Stopping the use of coal and biomass is not easy. Millions of households have to eliminate use of biomass as cooking fuel.

Energy and land management practices and policies should be changed. Industries should be urged to shift from the use of coal. Farmers in India must stop burning of stubble to clear land. Most of the action plans address only 15% of the problem and they do not address 85% of the problem which is caused by coal, biomass and landfills. This can be achieved in only in phases in a graded manner.

Practice Topic for WAT Executive MBA from IIM 2021-22

Can India become self reliant in the defence manufacturing space?

Munition India Limited

Armoured Vehicles Nigam Limited

Advanced Weapons and Equipments India Limited

Troop Comforts Limited

Yantra India Limited

India Optel Limited

Gliders India Limited, will function from 1st October 2021.

The Government of India has decided to convert the Ordnance Factory Board into the above mentioned seven new identities, each responsible for a special faction of the defence manufacturing space.

These will tackle the problems in India like overpriced purchase ( Ashoka Leyland trucks being purchased from Jabalpur Vehicle factory at a substantially higher price with no substantial additions), under quality purchase, long waiting periods for delivery, outdated technology.

Leadership of these companies is the key to success to optimally utilise the available resources at hand and find locally available solutions.

In addition to the Ordnance factory has its own set of problems - inefficient supply chains, lack of motivation to compete, lack of specialisation and too many products under a single wing.

In the US the defence manufacturing has grown by consolidation, similarly India would have to create a demand forecast to analyse the products and the requirements and get International partners on board. Given these are put in place substantial improvements can happen in this sector in India too.

Some more questions for WAT for Executive MBA from IIM 2021-22 interviews

  1. There would be many challenges if COVID persists. Should digital learning and e-learning continue going forward? What would be the challenges faced if it continues.

  2. Vaccination generally takes 10+ years to be developed. How was it developed in hardly six months during COVID?

  3. Should college rankings be stopped? Do you agree or disagree?

  4. When startups go for seed funding they lose a lot of control. Should they instead opt for bootstrapping?

  5. Does India need bullet trains?

  6. How can India utilise the current shift in the global supply chain to attract global investors?

  7. How to do nothing?

  8. The best tool for a good conversation is silence. Do you agree?

  9. Is the Electric vehicle transition sustainable for India economically and environmentally?

  10. So close, yet so far - Chandrayaan 2 has failed in it's objective but not as a mission. Comment?

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